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Modal verbs in French- A1 Chapter 2 Lesson 3

Modal verbs in French- A1 Chapter 2 Lesson 3

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Transcription

Les verbes modaux en français : modal verbs

La liberté c’est le pouvoir de vouloir faire ce qu’on doit.

In this lesson I am going to help you understand this sentence.

What is a modal verb?

Bonjour à tous, I am very happy to meet you again today. On va apprendre une leçon très très très importante, ce sont les verbes modaux.

Pourquoi cette leçon est importante ? Why is this lesson important? It’s because we use the modal verbs all the time, tout le temps, and they are very useful, ils sont très utiles.

On commence avec le verbe vouloir. How do we use this verb? In my previous video, I taught you how to conjugate in the futur proche. If you remember, we use the verb ”aller” in the present and we add the infinitive of the verb.

For the modal verbs, it is exactly the same.

Vouloir: want

You conjugate the verb vouloir in the present and after you add the Infinitive of the second verb. Let’s see some examples:

  • Je veux partir en vacances : I want to go on holiday.
  • Tu veux rester à la maison : You want to stay at home.
  • Il veut sortir : He wants to go out.

There, you can notice that the pronunciation of the verb vouloir is exactly the same for the 3 first persons. After that changes:

  • Nous voulons faire du shopping : We want to do some shopping.

Dont forget that if you don’ want to use ”nous voulons” you can use ”on veut”

  • On veut faire du shopping : We want to do some shopping.

which is easier and more frequently used when we speak.

  • Vous voulez jardiner : You want to garden.
  • Ils veulent jouer au foot : They want to play football.

So you see that the verb vouloir is conjugated and after the other verb is not conjugated.

This is what you want but let’s see what you can do.

Pouvoir: can, to be able to

The conjugation of this verb is very similar to the verb vouloir. Let’s have a look:

  1. Je peux apprendre ma leçon : I can learn my lesson.
  2. Tu peux faire des progrès : You can make progress.
  3. Il peut comprendre le cours : He can understand the course.
  4. Nous pouvons mémoriser les verbes : We can memorize the verbs.
  5. Vous pouvez réussir l’examen : You can pass the exam.
  6. Ils peuvent devenir bilingues : They can become bilingual.

So there are things you want, things you can do and things you have to do.

Devoir: must, to have to

  1. Je dois travailler : I must work.
  2. Tu dois progresser : You must progress.
  3. Il doit écrire, elle doit écrire, on doit écrire : He must write, she must write, we must write.
  4. Nous devons parler : We must write.
  5. Vous devez écouter : You must listen.
  6. Ils doivent lire : The must read.

The infinitive

There are two things to remember with the modal verbs :

  1. You need to learn the verb vouloir pouvoir et devoir by heart because we use them all the time.
  2. You need to know how to pronounce The infinitive.

    We pronounce the -ER verbs with the sound [é] at the end, like ”manger”.

    We pronounce the -IR verbs with the sound [ir] at the end, like ”finir”, ”partir”. So here we can hear the ”R” and for the other verbs at the end.

    We pronounce the -RE verbs with the sound [r] at the end, like ”apprendre”, ”comprendre”, ”surprendre” et cetera.

The negation

If you’ve watched my previous video about the futur proche  you’ll observe that it is exactly the same.

For example, if I want to say :

  • I don’t want to live : je ne veux pas partir

You have ”ne” before the modal verb and ”pas” after.

Another example :

  • I cannot stay : je ne peux pas rester.

If you want to say it quicker: j’peux pas rester.

  • I must not answer : je ne dois pas répondre

You can also translate it with : I don’t have to answer.

So, in English you have two verbs ”must” and ”have to”. In French we translate both with ”devoir”.

To finish

So, it’s important for you to know a lot of verb at the infinitive form. For that reason, I have created flashcards to learn the 100 most used French verbs at the infinitive.

You can find the code to have access to the flashcards in the description below

So now you are able to translate the sentence I’ve said at the beginning of this video! Give your explanations in the comments and I will be happy to correct you.

La liberté c’est le pouvoir de vouloir faire ce qu’on doit.

Je vous souhaite une très bonne journée, une très bonne semaine et je vous dis à très bientôt pour la prochaine vidéo. Ciao.

Bravo!

Get access to my three flashcards sets on Quizlet.com to learn the meaning of the most used words in French.
Follow the links :

VERBS : https://quizlet.com/_6kc8oe

NOUNS : https://quizlet.com/_2gm3z8

ADJECTIVES : https://quizlet.com/_2gm95e

And open the sets with the password : success
(I advise you to copy-past the shortcuts and the password in a private file to remember them 😉 )

+ ALSO In your mailbox, you'll find an message from me with a link to download my guide: ”How to conjugate French verbs”.

Enjoy !

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Futur proche -French level A1 – Chapter 2 lesson2

Futur proche -French level A1 – Chapter 2 lesson2

Futur proche -French level A1 – Chapter 2 lesson2

Click on the cross below to read the transcription
Transcription

Le futur proche

The future in French

Je suis contente de vous retrouver aujourd’hui, I am happy to meet you again today. Qu’est-ce qu’on va faire aujourd’hui ? What are we going to do today ? On va étudier le futur. Quel futur ? Le futur proche.
In the French language we have le futur proche which means close et le futur simple which means simple.
Contrary to their names,  le futur simple is not simple et le futur proche is simple (easy). So all my students like the future proche, and I’m sure you are going to like it too.
Why do we like it? It’s because it’s not complicated.

Conjugation

So how do we conjugate it ? It’s easy :

  • first you start with the verb Aller in the present form (you should know it now, because we learnt it in lesson 6)
  • and after you put the infinitive of the verb. Qu’est-ce que c’est l’infinitif ? l’infinitif c’est la forme standard du verbe, par exemple manger finir, partir etc.

So, there is one thing to remember it’s the verb aller in the present tense. Let’s see some examples :

Je suis au travail ( i am at work), what am I going to do today? Qu’est-ce que je vais faire aujourd’hui ?

  • D’abord je vais lire mes emails et répondre.

So you can see that we have the verbe aller in the present + the infinitive of the second verb. ‘’répondre’’ is also in the future proche but I don’t repeat ‘’je vais’’. I Just say ‘’je vais lire mes emails et répondre’’ instead of ‘’et je vais répondre’’ which is correct too but a bit too long.

  • Tu vas téléphoner à tes clients.
    ‘’You are going to phone your clients’’
  • Mon chef va partir à l’étranger
    ‘’My boss is going to go abroad.’’
  • On va préparer son voyage
    ‘’We are going to prepare his trip.’’
  • Vous allez participer à une réunion
    ‘’We are going to participate in a meeting’’
  • You can hear that we add a link (a liaison) between ‘’nous’’ and ‘’allons’’ (nous Z allons). And for ‘’vous allez’’ it’s the same.
  • Vous allez expliquer votre projet
    ‘’You are going to explain your project’’.
  • Mes collègues vont donner leur opinion.
    ‘’My colleagues are going to give their opinion.’’

Common mistakes

So you see that it’s quite easy if you know the verb ‘’to go’’ in the present.

  • The main mistake you can make is forgetting to put the second verb at the infinitive form.
  • The second mistake is adding a preposition after ‘’aller’’. For example: ‘’je vais repartir’’ instead of ‘’je vais partir’’; because in some languages, like in Spanish, you have a preposition after aller.

Reflexive verbs

In the last lesson we’ve learnt the reflexive verbs. Par exemple ‘’se lever’’, ‘’se laver’’ etc. If you put these verbs in the future, you need to change the ‘’se’’. Par exemple : I going to wake up, in French we say :

Je vais me réveiller

Se réveiller is the infinitive, and you need to change the ‘’se’’ into the right person:

  1. je vais me réveiller
  2. tu vas te réveiller
  3. il va se réveiller
  4. nous allons nous réveiller
  5. vous allez vous réveiller
  6. ils vont se réveiller

If you don’ know about the reflexive verbs, check my previous video.

The negation with the future proche

In French, the negation is composed of two words: for example NE and PAS, this is one type of negation.

When we speak, usually we pronounce ‘’pas’’ and we don’t pronounce ‘’ne’’. So, I’m going to show you both ways.
for example, ‘’I’m not going to wait’’ in French, we say, ‘’je ne vais pas attendre’’.  You can see tha ’’ne’’ is before the verb ‘’aller’’ and ‘’pas’’ is after … and after you have the main verb in the Infinitive form.

  • Je ne vais pas attendre
  • Je ne vais pas manger
  • Je ne vais pas partir
  • Je ne vais pas regarder la télévision

When we speak fast, usually we say :

  • Je vais pas attendre
    (don’t write it like that, it’s just the pronunciation)

We don’t pronounce the ‘’ne’’. And even quicker we can say:

  • J’ vais pas attendre
    (don’t write it like that, it’s just the pronunciation)
    Which means ‘’I’m not going to wait’’.

For the negation, we use ‘’ne … pas’’ but we can also have ‘’ ne … plus’’ which means ‘’no more’’ and ‘’ne… rien’’ which means ‘’nothing’’.

  • Je ne vais plus attendre
    I am not going to wait anymore
  • Je ne vais rien faire
    I am going to do nothing, or, I am not going to do anything.

So, you can see that these three negations are in the same position.

Voilà, j’espère que vous comprenez comment utiliser le future proche / I hope you understand how to use le futur proche and that it is quite simple to use.

Utilisation du futur proche

Quand l’utilise-t-on? When are you going to use it? It’s the same in French and in English. We say:
I’m going to do that = je vais faire ça
We use it for something that is close to us in the time.  For example:

  • demain : tomorrow
  • après-demain : the day after tomorrow
  • la semaine prochaine : next week

We use it also for things that are further in time:

  • L’année prochaine, je vais aller en Espagne : Next year I will go to Spain.
  • Dans deux ans, je vais visiter l’Australie : In two years, I will visit Australia.

In conclusion, if you want to speak in the future you can use this fabulous time: le futur proche. You need to know some verbs at the infinitive if you want to express yourself in French. Some researchers have made a list of the most used French verbs. And I’ve created some flashcards to memorize them. Check the link in the description of the video to have access to them.

J’espère que vous avez aimé la leçon, I hope you enjoyed the lesson et I am looking forward to see you very soon, j’ai hâte de vous retrouver très bientôt et je vous souhaite une très bonne journée et à très bientôt, I wish you a very good day and see you soon !

Bravo!

Get access to my three flashcards sets on Quizlet.com to learn the meaning of the most used verbs in French.
Follow the links :
https://quizlet.com/_3kpkup
https://quizlet.com/_3kplgo
https://quizlet.com/_3kpmzg

And open the sets with the password : success
(I advise you to copy-past the shortcuts and the password in a private file to remember them 😉 )

+ ALSO In your mailbox, you’ll find an message from me with a link to download my guide: ”How to conjugate French verbs”.

Check in your email box. You might find my message either :

  • in the main Inbox ?
  • or in the Promotion tab :-/
  • or even in the spams ?

Anyway, I am sure you’ll find it easily and put it in the principal inbox so that next time my mails are easy to find!

Check your emails now or you will forget! If you are as busy as me …

Enjoy !

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